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What is the development of optical communication in Russia?

In an article published on March 26, 2022, RIA Novosti describes the work of the Optical Communications Research Center at Perm State University in Perm, the capital of Perm Krai, near the Ural Mountains, which mark the dividing line between Russia and Eurasia. According to Nikolai Kosvintsev, the center’s director, their goal is to develop fully domestic photonic integrated devices for domestic production in Russia. They have already developed two optical modules based on InP materials.

Regarding the optical communication market in Russia, a market consulting firm once gave a market forecast until 2026. According to their data, an annual market of more than $2 billion is not high for such a large country. However, many domestic optical communication companies had good development in the Russian market in earlier years, and the construction of optical communication has slowed down over the years probably due to the difficult domestic economy in Russia.

Russia has always had first-rate scientific talent, and it is no exception in the field of optical communications, represented by Professor EVGENY M. DIANOV (1936-2019), winner of the 2017 OSA John Tyndall Award and member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Known as the father of Russian fiber optic technology, Prof. Dianov joined the Institute of Physics of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1960-1983) after graduating from Moscow State University in 1960, where he received his PhD in physics and quantum science in 1966 and another PhD in physical sciences in 1974. After 1983 he joined the General Institute of Physics (1983-2006). in 1994 Dianov became a member of the USSR Academy of Sciences. in 1974 he received the USSR Government Scientific Prize for neodymium glass lasers, and in 1998 the Russian Government Prize for infrared optical fibers, and in 2015 the Vavilov Gold Medal for research on optical fiber nonlinearity.

The Fiber Optic Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (FORC PAS), which conducts a variety of basic and applied research on fiber optic technology, is the leading research center in this field in Russia and a world leader. The Center was founded in 1993 by Professor Dianov in the former Department of Fiber Optics of the Institute of General Physics and was succeeded by Dr. Sengey L. Semjonov after the death of Professor Dianov. The center today occupies more than 5,800 square meters and has a five-story building with at least two drawing towers and other complete equipment and instruments for fiber optic development. Over the years, FORC has achieved leading research results in the areas of excited Raman scattering, soliton transport, electroacoustic effects, Raman fiber lasers and amplifiers, metallized fibers, and various infrared fibers.

Under FORC, there is a market-based organization called FORC-Photonics Group. Founded in 2005, the company’s main products include non-standard FBGs and FBG-based optical sensors and devices, high-power EDFAs, high-power fiber lasers and light sources, and specialty doped fibers. The company is a member of Russian Laser Consortium, American SPIE, OIDA, European EPIC, etc.

Perm University also has a company called PNPPK, which is engaged in gyroscope and related fiber optic products, with production lines for fiber optic drawing, integrated optical circuit manufacturing, instrument assembly, and 10,000 square meters of class 100 and class 1000 clean rooms. are also one of the largest power tool manufacturers in Russia. Based on this company, a cluster of photonics companies was established to promote the development of the local optoelectronic industry.

In addition, the U.S. has the OFC and Russia has its own All-Russian Conference on Fiber Optics (ARCFO). The most recent one, the 2021 edition, was held in Perm from October 5 to 8 of that year. The conference is held once every two years.


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